Ten-year gulf in life expectancy across Hull
THEY are little more than two miles apart.
But, according to shocking new figures, life expectancy rates for women living near Hessle Road are ten years shorter than those from the Bricknell Avenue area of west Hull.
A new survey of health trends across the city charting average life expectancy rates at birth show women in the St Andrew’s ward living until the age of 74.
In contrast, the female life expectancy rate in Bricknell ward is 84.
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An identical ten-year gulf also applies between men in St Andrew’s and in Beverley wards.
The life expectancy for men in St Andrew’s is 71, compared with 81 in Beverley ward, which covers the northern part of Beverley Road towards the city boundary.
Experts say the results of the survey underline the issue of health inequality in the city.
Dr Andrew Taylor, Hull’s assistant director public health (science), said: “The first thing to say about these figures is that every city in the country has similar differences in life expectancy rates.
“Indeed, some cities are a lot worse than Hull.
“One city fairly close to us has a 14-year gap between different areas but that is because it has much wealthier areas than Hull has.”
Dr Taylor said the new data, which was compiled from a health and lifestyle survey completed by 13,380 households across the city, identified key areas of concern.
“There are clear links between where people are living and their health outcomes,” he said.
“The socio-economic reasons for poor health have been known for some time but this data really allows us to pinpoint specific areas of the city for different types of intervention.
“The areas where we see lower life expectancy rates generally have higher rates of smoking and alcohol consumption.
“There may also be dietary issues to consider but the biggest killer by some distance is still smoking and in some parts of the city, the smoking rate remains very high.
“Unfortunately, many people find it very hard to stop smoking.”
He said comparisons between recent data and health lifestyle figures for 1999 also revealed a widening gap in female life expectancy rates between women living is the most deprived areas of the city compared with those in the least deprived.
In 1999, the difference was 4.7 years but that has now grown to ten years.
The difference between male life expectancy rates remained the same between affluent and poor areas during the same period.
Dr Taylor said: “The widening gap for women is probably down the fact that there are more women smoking and drinking now than there used to be.
“In Hull, the public health service has been working very hard to counter this over recent years and we are starting to see some positive results coming through.
“I would also point out that overall life expectancy rates are improving for both men and women.”
Best and worst areas for life expectancy in Hull.
Bricknell: Men 76.6 years, women 84 years.
Beverley: Men 81.2 years, women 83.8 years.
Avenue: Men 77 years, women 79.8 years.
Boothferry: Men 79.1 years, women 83.8 years.
St. Andrew’s: Men 71.1 years, women 74 years.
Myton: Men 71.4 years, women 76.8 years.
Bransholme East: Men 71.4 years, women 78 years.
Newington: Men 73 years, women 77.3 years.